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Ingredients guide : What is in our food ?
Welcome to the ingredient guide and food glossary of Food-Info.net. With this guide we would like to list all ingredients used in foods, to state their use and/or origin as well as the suitability for certain allergies, intolerances or religious groups. Whenever there is additional information available of Food-Info the appropriate link will be provided.
Not only ingredients will be listed on this list, but also other components that may be naturally present in foods, as well as general words that can be found on a food product label.
This list was started on February 28, 2008 and will be continuously updated. If you miss an ingredient or component in this list, please let us know and we will add the list.
For the E-numbers (additives) see the E-number section of the site (see menu above). All the E-numbers are listed in the tables below with their chemical/common name, but not listed under their E-number.
Whenever known we will add suitability of the ingredient for the most common allergies, intolerances or similar (nutritional) disorders. These data are an indication of use only, it is always possible that individual people react differently !
||An alkaloid compound found in many plants, especially in coffee, tea and cocoa. Used as a energy-booster in energy- and cola drinks. It stimulates metabolism and awareness, hence the use in enrgy drinks and the fact that you keep awake after drinking coffee. Synonyms are mateine guaranine and theine.|| Suitable for all religions, vegans and vegetarians. Not allergenic.
|Calcium acetate||See the E-number list: E263|
|Calcium alginate||A thickening agent, see alginic acid|
|Calcium benzoate||See the E-number list: E213|
|Calcium carbonate||See the E-number list: E170|
|Calcium chloride||See the E-number list: E509|
|Calcium disodium ethylenediamine||See the E-number list: E385|
|Calcium ferrocyanide||See the E-number list: E538|
|Calcium formate||See the E-number list: 238|
|Calcium gluconate||See the E-number list: E578|
|Calcium glutamate||See the E-number list: E623|
|Calcium guanylate||See the E-number list: E629|
|Calcium hydrogen sulphite||See the E-number list: E227|
|Calcium hydroxide||See the E-number list: E526|
|Calcium inosinate||See the E-number list: E633|
|Calcium lactate||Salt of lactic acid, see also E327|
|Calcium L-ascorbate||Salt of ascorbic acid.|
|Calcium malate||See the E-number list: E352|
|Calcium orthophosphates||See the E-number list: E341|
|Calcium oxide||See the E-number list: E529|
|Calcium polyphosphates||See the E-number list: 544|
|Calcium propionate||See the E-number list: E282|
|Calcium ribonucleotides||See the E-number list: E634|
|Calcium silicate||See the E-number list: E552|
|Calcium sorbate||See the E-number list: E203|
|Calcium stearoyl lactate||See the E-number list: E482|
|Calcium sulphate||See the E-number list: E516|
|Calcium sulphite||See the E-number list: E226|
|Calcium tartarate||See the E-number list: E354|
|Calciumperoxide||See the E-number list: 930|
|Canauba wax||See the E-number list: E903|
|Candilla wax||See the E-number list: E902|
|Canthaxanthin||A orange-red colour, chemically a carotenoid, seeE161g|
|Caramel||See the E-number list: E150a-d|
|Carbohydrate||Carbohydrates, also known as sugars or saccharides, are one of the main classes of nutrients. Chemically they are hydroxylated ketones or aldehydes. Carbohydrates such as sucrose and fructose are very sweet, others have no taste. Some are very soluble, others are not. Carbohydrates are generally polymers of a few building blocks or monosaccharides. Larger molecules are disaccharides, trisaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Nearly all are of plant origin.||Carbohydrates are non allergenic. Most are suitable for all religions, vegetarians and vegans. See the individual components for exceptions.|
|Carbon||See the E-number list: E153|
|Carbon dioxide||See the E-number list: E290|
|Carboxymethyl cellulose||See the E-number list: E466|
|Carmine, Cochineal||A natural red colour, derived from insects, see also E120 and here.|
|Carotene (Alfa-, Beta- and Gamma-)||A group of related carotenoids used as fat soluble orange-red colours, see E160a|
|Carotenoids||Carotenoids are a class of coloured (yellow to red) pigments, mainly found in plants (tomatoes, peppers, carrots, maize...). Over 500 carotenoids exist and a number are used as food colours. See also here.||Suitable for all religions, vegans and vegetarians. Not allergenic.|
| Carragens, carragenan
|| A class of thickening agents from seaweed, chemically polysaccharides. See also E407.
|| Suitable for all religions, vegans and vegetarians. Allergic reactions may occur, as all plants may cause allergic reactions.
|Castor Oil||See the E-number list: 1503|
|Cellulose||See the E-number list: E460|
|Citranaxanthin||A orange-red colour, chemically a carotenoid, see E161h|
|Citric acid|| A natural acid, present in nearly all living organisms, in large concentrations in (citrus) fruits. Commercially produced by fermentation (by bacteria or the fungus Aspergillus niger). It is used as acidulant and aroma in foods. The E-number is E330 and for its salts E331-E333. See also here and here.
|| Suitable for all religions, vegans and vegetarians. Not allergenic, but intolerances against high concentrations are reported. Suitable for people with a citrus allergy, as the commercial product is made from sugar, not citrus fruits.
|Copper complexes of chlorophyll||A semi-natural green food colour, see E141 and here.|
|Cryptoxanthin||A orange-red colour, chemically a carotenoid, seeE161c|
|Curcumin||A natural yellow colour, derived from turmeric, see also E100 and here.|
|Cyclamates||A class of synthetic very sweet compounds, see E952|
|Cysteine||A natural, sulphur-containing amino acid. Used in foods as a bread enhancer, as it stabilises the crumb structure. See also E920|
|Cystine||A compound made of two cysteine molecules (see above), with similar uses, see E921|
|Chlorine||See the E-number list: 925|
|Chlorodioxide||See the E-number list: 926|
|Chlorophylls||A class of natural green colours, derived from several plants, see also E140 and here.|
|Cholic acid||See the E-number list: 1000|