An initiative of :




Wageningen University


Van Hall-Larenstein





Sitekeuring.NET Award


Food-Info.net> E-numbers > E100-200

E160a: Carotenes

E160a (i): carotenes (mixture)
E160a (ii): ß-carotene

Origin:
Natural colour isolated from several plants; however, it is obtained commercially from carrots. Carotenes occur as isomers, consisting of a series of chemically identical, but sterically different components. The actual composition differs between the plant species.

Function & characteristics:
Water-insoluble food colour whose colour ranges from yellow to orange, depending on the solvent used for extraction.

Products:
Many different products.

Daily intake:
Up to 5 mg/kg body weight for E160a (i), whereas none has been determined for the other compounds.

Side effects:
No side effects known in the concentrations used in foods. High concentrations will result in yellow discoloration of the skin. As carotene is a source of vitamin A (2 parts of carotene equal 1 part of vitamin A), high concentrations will cause symptoms of vitamin A toxicity.

Dietary restrictions:
None; E160a can be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians.



European Masters Degree in Food Studies - an Educational Journey


Master in Food Safety Law



The website Food-Info.net is an initiative of the food technology and food safety programmes of Wageningen University, The Netherlands and its partner universities.
center>