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Wageningen University

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E161e Violoxanthin

Natural colour, present in many plants. Commercially prepared from Viola species.

Function & characteristics:
Yellow food colour. Slightly soluble in water.

Rarely used.

Daily intake:
Up to 5 mg/kg bodyweight.

Side effects :
No side effects known.

Dietary restrictions :
None, E161e can be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians.


European Masters Degree in Food Studies - an Educational Journey

Master in Food Safety Law is an initiative of Wageningen University, The Netherlands