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Vietnamese coriander (Polygonum odoratum)
Polygonaceae (buckwheat family)
Vietnamese coriander is native to peninsular Southeast Asia (Indochina).
Used plant part
Leaves, always used fresh
The herb has a coriander-like smell with a clear lemony note. Pungency, which dominates in the closely related water pepper, is hardly present..
In the essential oil of Vietnamese coriander, long-chain aldehyds were found, e.g., decanal (28%) and dodecanal (44%), furthermore decanol (11%). Sesquiterpenes (a-humulene, ß-caryophyllene) account for about 15% of the essential oil. (Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9 , 603, 1997)
Vietnamese Coriander sprig
Vietnamese coriander is one of those numerous herbs that give Vietnamese cuisine its unique touch. The herb is, though, also used outside of Vietnam: It appears in Malaysian recipes and is quite typical of the Singaporian cuisine.
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