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Long coriander (Eryngium foetidum)
Apiaceae (parsley family)
The plant is native to the Caribbean islands. Today, is has been introduced to large parts of South East Asia (Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia).
Used plant part
Aroma strong, very similar to fresh coriander leaves; taste similar, but even stronger
The essential oil from the leaves of long coriander is rich in aliphatic aldehyds, most of which are a,ß unsaturated. The impact compound is E-2-dodecenal (60%), furthermore 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyd (10%), dodecanal (7%) and E-2-tridecenal (5%) have been identified.
Yet another essential oil can be obtained from the root; in the root oil, unsaturated alicyclic or aromatic aldehydes dominate (2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyd 40%, 2-formyl-1,1,5-trimethyl cyclohexa-2,5-dien-4-ol 10%, 2-formyl-1,1,5-trimethyl cyclohexa-2,4-dien-6-ol 20%, 2,3,4-trimethylbenzaldehyd).
In the essential oil from the seeds, sesquiterpenoids (carotol 20%, ß-farnesene 10%), phenylpropanoids (anethole) and monoterpenes (a-pinene) were found, but no aldehydes.
Long coriander plant
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