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E 966: Lactitol
A synthetic carbohydrate alcohol, produced from milk sugar (lactose) derived from whey (milk).
Function & characteristics:
Many bakery and confectionery products.
Acceptable Daily Intake:
Lactitol is partly absorbed and metabolised as glucose by the body; the remaining fraction is fermented in the large intestine. During fermentation, gases are produced, which may cause bloating and flatulence. In intolerant persons it can act as a laxative. Side effects normally occur after an intake of 25-30 grams in a single dose, which is far above the usage in normal foods.
Lactitol can be used by all religious groups and vegetarians, but not by vegans, as the source is milk sugar. The term carbohydrate alcohol is a chemical definition; lactitol does not contain alcohol (ethanol).