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E333 Calcium citrates
E333 (i) Monocalcium citrate
E333 (ii) Dicalcium citrate
E333 (iii) Tricalcium citrate
Calcium salts of citric acid, a compound found in every living organism, as it is part of the key metabolic pathways in all body cells. Large concentrations are found in citrus fruits, kiwi, strawberries and many other fruits. Commercially prepared by fermentation of molasses with the mould Aspergillus niger .
Function & characteristics:
Calcium citrate is used as a buffer, to bind metal ions and to improve the texture of canned vegetables.
Few products, due to limited solubility.
Acceptable Daily Intake:
Citric acid is a normal component of body cells and will be degraded and used by the body without side effects. Pseudo-allergic reactions (intolerance) have been reported, but these are very rare. People with such intolerance should also avoid all soft fruits and berries and products made thereof. It does not cause
cancer (see the following question ).
Citric acid and citrates can normally be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians. Citric acid does not cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to oranges and other citrus fruits, as it is commercially made from sugar, not fruits.