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E154 Brown FK
Food Brown 1
Mixture of synthetic azo dyes. See here for a background on azo dyes.
Function & characteristics:
Brown food colour. Very soluble in water.
Restricted use in some fish products.
Since it is an azo dye, it may elicit intolerance in people intolerant to salicylates. Additionally, it is a histamine liberator, and may intensify symptoms of asthma. In combination with benzoates, it is also implicated in hyperactivity in children. Some of the compounds in the mixture may be mutagenic; hence the use is restricted to a few products.
None; E154 can be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians.